Big Game Backup Weapons
Oct 22nd, 2012 | By Adam C | Category: Hunting | Print This Article
Hunting big game can provide the thrill of a lifetime. Part of the thrill is the danger of the hunt, knowing that the animal could actually be dangerous to you as well. Remember, the animal doesn’t necessarily need to be a dangerous carnivore to be dangerous to you. While most people will readily agree upon the fact that a grizzly bear, black bear, mountain lion, polar bear, Kodiak bear, and other large carnivores are dangerous, many people forget the fact that moose, elk, caribou, and some deer can be just as dangerous if not more so! What turns a normally docile moose into a dangerous creature? Many things potentially could. They are particularly volatile during mating season and are extremely aggressive. Also, any big game animal could potentially charge you if it detects you as the source of the gunshot that wounded it. Finally, you could simply stumble upon a big game animal unawares and put yourself dangerously close to said animal. In any of these cases, you need a backup weapon, and fast.
The Need For A Backup Weapon
Most big game hunters will be adequately equipped with a suitable rifle for hunting said game. Needless to say, anything that is considered to be “big” or “dangerous” game should be hunted with a rifle of .30 caliber and above. This includes .30-06, .300 WinMag, .338 WinMag, or even .308 Winchester. Realize that for most African hunts, these calibers are on the inadequate side. Calibers such as .416 Rigby and .375 H&H are extremely popular, as are even larger calibers. So who needs a backup weapon with this sort of firepower at their disposal? The problem arises when the first shot either misses its intended target or only wounds the beast. Even the act of missing completely could spook the animal and send him charging towards your position. Occasionally, the wounded animal rapidly spots the hunter and makes a beeline for him as its last act of self-defense. Follow up shots on a bolt-action rifle aren’t very fast – most big game rifles suffer from massive recoil, which means you will get off exactly one shot before you need to reacquire the charging target. This is an extremely challenging maneuver when you have a 1000+ pound animal charging you. The best thing to do is switch to a backup weapon!
Other Rifles As A Backup
If you have multiple people in your hunting party, they can all engage the animal with their rifles if need be. If you are hunting alone or with a single friend, you more or less have the same problem. Ideally, a semi-automatic backup rifle is the solution. Such a rifle wouldn’t have long-range sights but would rather be set up for short-range use. An excellent way to go if you already own an AR-15 patter rifle is to swap out the upper receiver with something like a .458 SOCOM, .50 Beowulf, or .450 Bushmaster upper. These hard-hitting, short-range rounds are massive and powerful, and they come in magazine-fed weapons with a ten-round capacity, meaning you can fire off ten continuous rounds at a charging target – more than enough for backup. While these rounds don’t have the range or accuracy of your hunting rifle (nor would you really want to use them for hunting in the first place), they offer bone-crushing stopping power inside of 100 yards—enough to stop any animal that roams North America in its tracks if need be. The downside, of course, is the weight of carrying around a whole other rifle and its associated ammunition. If you hunt via an all-terrain vehicle or expedition vehicle, this might still be an option for you.
Handguns As A Backup
A large-caliber handguns has traditionally been a hunting-rifle backup for decades. Calibers like .357 magnum and .44 magnum have been traditional backup weapons for nasty beasts that just won’t die. For North American hunting, .357 magnum is really lacking in stopping power. While it is formidable when used on a human, it just doesn’t have the power needed to stop a 500+ pound animal. The .44 magnum should be considered the minimum caliber required for use when stopping a big game animal. Newer calibers such as the .500 Smith and Wesson magnum also bear some looking at – the .500S&W is a magnificent caliber with plenty of stopping power, albeit at the cost of weight and expensive bullets.
When hunting, shot placement is everything. You expect and strive to make that perfect one-shot kill through the heart or lungs. Sometimes, however, things don’t go as planned, and you need to have a fast firing backup gun to keep you and those around you safe. Remember, nothing reloads as fast as grabbing another weapon!
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