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Simple Fixes For Common Well Water Problems

Simple Fixes For Common Well Water Problems [1]When looking to purchase a home in the country, there are a number of factors that you need to consider — many that urban dwellers need not concern themselves with. One such factor is water supply. You can never be too safe when it comes to water quality for yourself and your family; water is indeed a precious resource.

While a properly producing well can provide some of the best-tasting water you have ever had, a well that is not operating properly can pose a serious health hazard.

Prevention is always best

Like anything, prevention is always best when dealing with a well and septic system. Although prevention will not keep all problems at bay, it is a good place to start. When you are looking to purchase a home, it is of paramount importance to known as much about the land as you can. This includes knowing the condition of the existing well. If building in a very rural location, first drill the well before building the house. If the home is already built, do not make a final purchase until you have the well checked by a professional.

Types of wells

Most wells today are drilled by heavy and very precise, truck-mounted machinery. Dug wells that have been constructed by hand or using power equipment can be found in older homes but are not often constructed this way since there are more sophisticated methods available.

Common well problems

Here are just a few things that can go wrong with a well. Homeowners are wise to educate themselves before a problem happens so that they can make a quick diagnosis and initiate the necessary repairs to reestablish a safe water supply.

Loss of water

Drilled wells don’t usually go dry. Most often what happens is that the pump is not set very deep and when water levels drop, the pump begins pumping air. Sometimes, the pump can’t do its job if the pump intake is clogged with debris. The only way to solve this problem is to shut the pump down, remove clog if needed and let the well recover.

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Dug wells are generally as deep as drilled wells, and can also be poorly constructed. This makes them easily influenced by seasonal drops in the water levels or drought. To avoid this problem, it is best that dug wells be constructed by a professional during times when water levels are low so that they are deep enough to continue to produce water all season long. If you have a dug well that goes dry, the best solution is to drill a new well that is deeper and penetrates below the bedrock surface.

If homes are constructed close together and all have wells, the water level can be lowered simply by use. In addition, when domestic wells are constructed close to larger wells used for industrial, municipal or agricultural purposes, it can also put a strain on the water table. It pays to be cautious of this if you plan to buy or build in such an area.

Water quality

Some issues with water quality are the result of human interaction while others occur naturally.

Testing water

Many banks and lenders require buyers to have a well check which shows that the water is safe prior to obtaining a mortgage. Oftentimes, if bacteria is found, the water is chlorinated.

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Although this will solve the problem in the short term, if the source of the bacteria or contamination is not addressed, the problem will return. This means that a well that is bacteria-free shortly after treatment may not remain so in the long run. A better solution is to chlorinate water that is pumped from the well. If this is not done, a new and deeper water source should be obtained.

Know what the land was previously used for

It is very important to know what the land that your home or prospective home may sit on was used for in the past. Many home sites were once commercial and industrial dump sites. There is also a risk in building on or buying a home that sits on land previously used for orchards or other crops. Chemicals can remain in the soil and shallow ground water for a very long time.

Before purchasing a home in a rural area, it is very important to know the quality of the well, the well water and the waste-disposal system. Be sure that you see a copy of the well record that describes the type of material that the well digger encountered as well as information about the yield.

Many problems with wells are related to older wells and septic systems and also with dense housing developments. Drilled or deep wells are generally safer than shallow water sources. Be sure that the company that you have dig your well is knowledgeable of the area and can place the well in the best location on your land.

Being educated, informed and observant can save a whole lot of time and money when it comes to owning a well.

What tips or questions about wells do you have? Share them in the section below:

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